The Amazon Tax

The US Constitution clearly prohibits states from taxing interstate commerce, as SCOTUS confirmed in the Quill decision. Unless a business has a physical presence in a state, that state cannot tax transactions between that business and a resident of the state.

Cash-strapped state governments and brick-and-mortar retailers wish desperately that were not true, the states because they want more money and the retailers because they want to force sales to their local stores. Several states, North Carolina among them and most recently California, have passed laws on the dubious theory that affiliates constitute a legal nexus for taxation.

But, no matter how dubious that theory, at least it’s used to enforce sales tax collection, which is Constitutional. What seems to skate beneath notice are use taxes, which are not. All states that have a sales tax also have a use tax. A resident from one of those states who purchases something from a vendor in another state is legally obligated to pay the use tax, which is invariably calculated at the same rate as the sales tax, and is simply a transparent attempt to violate the Constitutional prohibition on taxing interstate commerce.

North Carolina goes further than most states. Every year, when I do our state income tax return, I have to fill out a section on use tax. North Carolina offers residents a choice. Other than for major purchases, which always require paying use tax on the actual purchase price, we can either pay use tax on actual purchases or on estimated purchases as a percentage of adjusted gross income. That percentage is small enough and we buy enough on-line that it always makes sense for us to use the estimated method. In effect, we usually end up paying something like 1% or 2% use tax rather than the nominal 7.75%. Still, it’s perfectly legal for us to choose the estimate method.

It’s also perfectly unconstitutional for North Carolina to impose that tax, intended as it is to get around the Constitutional prohibition on taxing interstate commerce. The problem, you see, is that North Carolina charges use tax only for purchases that did not incur sales tax.

For example, if I buy a $100 widget in a local store, I’m charged $7.75 sales tax. If I buy that $100 widget on-line from an out-of-state vendor, I am (at least in theory) required to pay a $7.75 use tax. So far, so good. The problem is, when I buy that widget at the local store, I’m charged only the $7.75 sales tax, rather than the $7.75 sales tax PLUS the $7.75 use tax. Because the use tax is not charged on in-state sales, it is discriminatory and a violation of our Constitutional right not to be taxed on interstate commerce.

I keep hoping that someone will pursue a case against a state government and take it all the way to SCOTUS, because use taxes as currently implemented are prima facie not Constitutional.

5 thoughts on “The Amazon Tax”

  1. We don’t have a state income tax here in Texas. But we do have a use tax and the state government implores us to pay it. But we do not have to fill out any forms about use tax (at least we are not required to – YET).

  2. Nothing like shooting yourself in the foot. That’s 10000 Amazon affiliates, plus family and friends, who might just know which way to vote in the next election, not to mention however many others are associated with other Internet retailers. Plus Amazon apparently has a research center in California, which will likely now move to another state.

    Way to go, California…

  3. Yep. That’s what North Carolina found out, along with New York, Illinois, and the other states that implemented an Amazon tax. It hasn’t increased sales tax collections, but it has driven off larger businesses that formerly did business in those states and has put smaller businesses out of business.

  4. In TN we do not have an income tax, only a sales tax 9.75%. Even food is taxed. Only thing exempt is medical. Large purchases such as cars are taxed fully up to $1500.00 in value then at a reduced rate. When I purchased my truck in GA (no sales tax paid) I had to pay $1800.00 in taxes in TN to register the vehicle.

    What really irritates me about TN is that even though there is no “true” income tax, there is tax on interest and dividends. As I move closer to retirement I a moving more of my investments into accounts that have low risk and pay dividends. I now find that I am having to write a check to the state for taxes on those earnings. What the state is doing is penalizing those that are trying to live off dividends and interest. Assholes.

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